Urinary tract diseases

Soluro Active

Soluro Active contains forest cranberry (Vaccinium oxycoccus) cryodessicated concentrate. It is obtained by using unique technology that allows to keep the natural substances found in berries at maximum level and enhance their performance. Soluro Active may be used in combination with antibiotics. Ask your gynecologist or urologist for more information on the use of cranberries and their effects on the body.
 
Ingredients: 
  • Cryodessicated cranberry concentrate (Vaccinium oxycoccus)
 
Recommended daily dosage: 2 capsules
 
Usage: recommended to take internally 1 capsule twice per day
 
Restrictions: none
 
Per package: 30 capsules
 
Original formula developed by Solepharm Pharmaceuticals research development team. 
 
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URINARY TRACT DISEASES

The urinary tract infection (UTI) is a bacterial inflammatory process that affects the urinary tract system. Urinary tract infection is among the most common infections in humans (1). In the United States, about 7 million physician-visits per year are related to urinary tract infections, and about 2 million visits to the doctor are related to cystitis (2). Urinary tract infections are usually caused by bacteria that "dwell" in the gastrointestinal tract, vagina, or the outer end of urethra that leads to the urinary tract. The main agent of this infection is gram-negative bacterium E. coli (80-90% of cases). Bacillus strains have an adhesion ability, they have special lashes, by which they are attached to the walls of the urinary tract. Due to this fact, it is difficult to wash out these bacteria with the urine flow (3,4,5). 

SYMPTOMS OF THE URINARY TRACT INFECTION

  • Frequent urination. The infection irritates the mucous membranes, causing the bladder to contract continuously, and false need for urination arises. It is impossible to think about anything else than going to the toilet. In spite of the urgent and frequent need (every 20 to 30 minutes) to go to the toilet, the urine volume in the case of cystitis is unchanged, and each time it is released in a small amount. Even if there are just a few drops of urine, the urination process is painful: sharp pain before urinating, during urinating, or more often - after it. Urinary incontinence may also occur (6).
  • Back or low abdominal pain.
  • Cloudy, dark, unpleasant-smelling urine or urine with blood contamination.
  • Possibly increased temperature (7,8). 

RISK FACTORS OF THE URINARY TRACT INFECTION

  • Wet, soggy feet.
  • Weakened immune system function.
  • Failure to comply with hygiene.
  • The increased sexual activity, including oral sex.
  • Other vaginal diseases or vaginal bacterial imbalance, structural abnormalities (9,10,11).

Women encounter urinary tract infections more often than men, which can be explained by the differences in anatomical structures: male urethral length, through which urine moves from the bladder to the external orifice, is three times longer than female one (12). 

DISEASE PREVENTION

  • Avoid body cooling, protect your feet from cold and wetting. Do not sit on a cold ground.
  • Drink plenty of fluids to "flush" bacteria from the urinary tract (at least 2 liters a day).
  • Use cranberry diet as well as vitamin C-rich fruits. Cranberries increase the acidity of urine and bacteria have more difficulties to reproduce in such environment. Active substances of cranberries reduce bacterial adhesion ability to the urinary tract walls.
  • Go to the toilet as often as possible, because the bacteria reproduce easier if urine is not removed from the bladder in due time.
  • Visit the toilet immediately after the sexual intercourse. This will help flush the bacteria which may enter the urethra during intercourse or after oral sex (13,14).

After going to the toilet always dry yourself going from the front to the back, and then wash your hands.

During the menstrual period change hygienic pads as often as possible.

Do not wear tight fitting clothing (pants with a low belt, too tight belt, thong), they interfere with normal pelvic organ perfusion. Choose natural fiber underwear. 

CYSTITIS IN CHILDREN

Just like adult women, little girls, due to their anatomical features, contract cystitis more often than boys. Cystitis in children may be associated with poor genital hygiene or gastrointestinal disorders. If a girl stays a long time in wet, dirty diapers, bacteria get initially into vagina, causing inflammation, but then also cystitis. Children often contract cystitis after various viral infections, and after cooling, for example, after swimming in cold water. In boys, cystitis often develops due to bladder development abnormalities, the cause of cystitis may also be balanitis (inflammation of the penis glans) (14,15). 

CYSTITIS AND PREGNANCY

During pregnancy, cystitis develops mainly due to two reasons:

  • Firstly, continuously increasing in size, the uterus compresses the bladder, causing urine outflow disorders, which in turn create favourable conditions for the development of bacteria;
  • Secondly, during pregnancy, due to the hormonal imbalance, immunity decreases (16).

"HONEYMOON CYSTITIS"

This term refers to the development of symptoms of cystitis after defloration, or virginity loss. It happens in the following way: even before a girl has initiated sex, her vaginal microflora changes. The first sexual intercourse is not always stormy, but as a result, a huge amount of vaginal flora enters the urethra and bladder. Their walls are not prepared for such a situation, therefore an inflammatory reaction, or cystitis may start. Despite the disease only few people renounce sex during their honeymoon and that is the reason for cystitis progress. 

CYSTITIS AND SEXUAL LIFE

In the period of an intense sexual life, often typical to the initial phase of a new relationship, or, of course, at any other time during which couple indulges into intimate relationship more often than usually, “honeymoon cystitis” can be observed (17). Oral sex may also cause cystitis. During oral sex partner's saliva dissolves the fat layer and disturbs normal microflora of the genital mucosa - the lining of biological protection is destroyed. Mucosa becomes easily traumatized and microtraumas appear. These microtraumas can serve as the entrance gate for infections. The urinary tract infection may be caused by common intestinal bacteria, located in the rectum. During the intercourse these bacteria can be transferred easily to the urethra. 

Facts from the literature
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