Sore throat

Olefar DUO Oil Spray

Olefar DUO Oil Spray  is a fast and efficient treatment for sore throat which reduces inflammation, swelling and pain. It consists of 5 different natural oils that perfectly localize the cause of the disease and prevent it from expansion. With the unique mechanism, the preparation is sprayed directly on the surface of the damaged mucosa, thus it perfectly covers the mucosa and its micro ulcers.
In addition, this specific combination of oils provides pleasant taste and long-lasting effect. Can be used for children from age of 2.

Ingredients: 

  • Sea Buckthorn oil (Ol. Hippophae)
  • Calendula oil (Ol. Calendulae)
  • Tea Tree oil (Ol. Melaleucae)
  • Cinnamon oil (Ol. Cinnamomi)
  • Pepermint oil (Ol. Mentha piperita)

Recommended daily dosage: 750 mg

Usage: recommended 1 dose 3 times per day (1 dose equals 3 times of pressing the spray mechanism, which is approximately 250 mg of the product)

Restrictions: recommended from age of 2

Per package: 20 ml

Original formula developed by Solepharm Pharmaceuticals research development team.

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Sore throat refers to pain, itchiness, or irritation of the throat. A person may experience difficulty and pain swallowing food and liquids. Throat pain is the primary symptom of a sore throat. However, other symptoms may include a dry throat, swollen neck glands, white patches on the tonsils, and hoarseness. In most cases it is a painful inflammation of the pharynx, at the same time tonsilitis and / or inflammation of the larynx can occur.

Sore throat affects people of all ages – however, the risk of a sore throat is more common for children, smokers, allergy sufferers, and people with a compromised immune system. Sharing a close space with others also increases the risk of upper respiratory infections that can present initially as a sore throat.

Causes of a Sore Throat

There are several causes of a sore throat.

Viral Infection

The majority of sore throats are triggered by a viral infection. These are infections caused by cold and flu viruses.

Other types of viral infections include:

  • mononucleosis: infectious disease typically transmitted through saliva

  • measles: contagious illnesses characterized by a distinct rash and fever

  • chickenpox: infection that causes skin sores

  • croup: infection of the larynx

Bacterial Infection

A bacterial infection can also cause a sore throat. These types of infections include:

  • strep throat: inflammation of the throat caused by the Streptococcal bacteria

  • diphtheria: infectious disease that causes throat inflammation

  • whooping cough: disease of the respiratory mucous membrane

Environmental Factors

Sore throat isn’t alwaysof a viral / bacterial origin. There are several other causes of throat pain. If you’re allergic to mold, pet dander, pollen, or other irritants, exposure to these allergens can trigger post-nasal drip. This is when excess mucus accumulates in the back of your throat. This accumulation can irritate your throat and cause pain or inflammation.

Dry air can also make your throat feel raw and scratchy. Smoking cigarettes or exposure to cigarette smoke can trigger persistent sore throats, as well as throat strain from yelling or too much talking.

GERD

Gastroesophageal reflux disease may also be a cause of sore throat. This is a digestive condition characterized by the back flow of stomach acid into the esophagus. This condition causes an array of symptoms, such as a sore throat, hoarseness, heartburn, and nausea.

Other Causes

In very rare cases, a sore throat may be a sign of HIV or throat cancer.

Diagnosing a Sore Throat

In most cases sore throat doesn’t require medical attention. However, a person must see a doctor if sore throat lasts longer than one week and person experiences:

  • difficulties breathing

  • difficulties swallowing

  • painful joints

  • an earache

  • rash

  • fever over 37 degrees

  • bloody mucus

  • a lump in the throat

  • hoarseness for longer than two weeks

Determining the cause of sore throat can help doctor to fight the symptoms. Doctor should do a basic physical examination procedures, such as visual observation of throat(inflammation, white patches), neck palpation(swollen glands) and breathing check.

As strep throat is a common cause of sore throats, your doctor may swab the back of your throat and examine the sample for the Streptococcal bacteria. If cause of sore throat isn't determined by previously stated methods, doctor may refer you to an allergist or an ear, nose, and throat specialist. These specialists will determine whether allergens or a throat disorder is the cause of your sore throat.

Note that it can be difficult to diagnose a sore throat in infants and toddlers. In this age group, refusal to eat is a common sign of throat irritation.

How to Treat a Sore Throat?

Treatment of sore throat depends on the cause of it. However, in many cases you can treat sore throat at home. Home treatment options include:

  • gargling with warm salt water

  • drinking plenty of warm fluids, such as teas, soup, and water

  • avoiding allergens and irritants, such as smoke and chemicals

If a bacterial infection is a cause, doctor may prescribe a course of antibiotics to kill the infectious bacteria. You should take your medication for 10 days or as prescribed by your doctor to treat the bacterial infection. A sore throat may recur if you stop treatment early.

In cases of viral infection, doctor may decide to let the virus run its course. At a same time, decongestants and pain killers may be prescribed, to ease your symptoms. In some cases, insist on antiviral drug to fight the virus. (1)

Sore Throats May Not Require Antibiotics

Treatment for a sore throat depends on the cause. You may be able to use home treatment to obtain relief.

As viruses are most common inducers of a sore throat. Antibiotics do not alter the course of viral infections. Unnecessary use of an antibiotic brings you to the risks of an  allergic reaction and antibiotic side effects, such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, rashes, and yeast infections. Antibiotics also may kill beneficial bacteria and stimulate development of dangerous antibiotic-resistant bacteria. (2)

Misuse of antibiotics can also contribute to resistant bacteria, so doctors now ask patients to think twice about asking for prescriptions. (3)

Complications of a Sore Throat

In the case of persistent bacterial throat infections, your doctor may recommend a tonsillectomy to surgically remove the tonsils. This is a last resort treatment that should only be considered when sore throats do not respond to antibiotics.

How to Prevent a Sore Throat?

Many underlying causes of sore throats are infectious, and there are certain steps that can help you prevent future infection. Repeatedly washing your hands throughout the day kills germs and bacteria that can cause viral and bacterial infections. Additional steps that you can take to prevent a sore throat include:


http://www.healthline.com/health/sore-throat#Causes2

http://www.webmd.com/cold-and-flu/tc/sore-throat-topic-overview

http://www.healthline.com/health/cold-flu/sore-throat-natural-remedies#Antibiotics1

  • Do not share drinking glasses or utensils with others

  • Use hand sanitizers whenever soap and water are not available

  • Limit contact with commonly touched surfaces

  • Reduce exposure to allergens, such as pollen, dust, and mold

  • Avoid cigarette smoke

  • Keep a humidifier in your house to eliminate dryness

 

 

 

 

 

 

Facts from the literature
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